Everything You Need to Know About Periodontitis

Some people fail to realise that most dental problems start with the gums. In fact, one of the leading causes of tooth loss is a gum disease called periodontitis.  It is a condition where bacteria build up in the plaque, causing gingivitis or bleeding and inflammation of the gums. If left untreated, it progresses to periodontitis where the inner layer of the gum and bone break free from teeth and form pockets. Tooth loss happens as bacteria break down the bone and connective tissue that keep them in place.
Who is at risk?
gum diseaseWhilst the condition is mainly due to poor oral hygiene, there are people who have higher risks of acquiring periodontitis. People undergoing pregnancy, puberty, menopause, and menstruation are particularly vulnerable, as hormonal changes cause gums to become sensitive.
The person’s lifestyle affects the incidence of periodontitis. Chain smokers are 7 times more vulnerable because they leave little time for gum tissues to heal. Stress and lack of sleep affects the immune system, making teeth and gums defenceless against bacteria.
People with certain illnesses may be easy victims of this condition, as well. HIV or cancer patients have higher chances of developing gum diseases because of problems with the immune system. Diabetes hinders the body’s ability to use blood sugar, making patients at risk of periodontitis.
Prevention and Maintenance
Dentists recommend regular flossing and brushing the teeth after meals using special toothbrushes that penetrate areas between teeth effectively. Careful brushing with a daily dose of antibacterial mouth rinses prevent tissue damages and removes lingering bacteria.
Stopping bad habits such as smoking may help prevent gum disease and increase the effectiveness of dental treatments. Reducing stress makes the body capable of fighting bacteria. Including antioxidants, foods rich in vitamin E and C in your diet will boost the immune system and repair damaged tissue. Avoiding teeth clenching, grinding and similar mannerisms might reduce the risk of periodontitis, as well.
Regular visits with the dentist is still the best way to prevent and treat periodontitis. Danny de Villiers Dentist applies painless treatments to keep gums and mouth healthy, including air polishing, laser bacterial reduction and other laser assisted periodontal treatments. Get in touch with us today to know more about our dental treatments.