There are many types of braces available to children. From traditional metal braces to Invisalign invisible braces, you can be sure to find something that will work for your little one. You probably have a lot of questions concerning braces, which is why we’ve compiled good information you need to know before beginning this journey.
Why do children need braces?
Children need braces for a number of reasons, including overcrowded, crooked, overlapping teeth, or a ‘bad bite’ (also known as malocclusion). A malocclusion occurs when there’s a difference in the sizes of the top and bottom jaws. This variation in size results in an overbite or an underbite.
If your child is losing his baby teeth too early or too late, there might be a problem with his (or her) jaw that needs correcting. You should also be wary of teeth that are coming through in the wrong position and teeth that are not making any contact. Other signs to watch out for include lips that can’t close properly and a difficulty eating. All these are alarm bells telling you it’s time your child got to see their dentist.
When is the best age for your child to get braces?
Many orthodontists recommend that children make their first official visit at the age of seven. By this stage, their adult teeth have begun appearing and any alignment issues can be easily corrected. However, remember that treatment won’t begin for another few months or years, depending on your child’s special condition. Children often begin orthodontia between the ages of 8 and 14 and the average treatment time will vary amongst children.
What are the benefits of orthodontics?
Orthodontics helps move teeth into the correct position as they emerge. It also helps in guiding the growth of the jaw bone, therefore, preventing jaw misalignment later in life. Orthodontics also helps in making space for erupting teeth and improves the facial aesthetics of your child. Your child will also have a reduced risk of injury to prominent teeth.
It’s very common for children to get braces to straighten their teeth, but as a parent, there are many steps you must take before approving the treatment.
Start by talking with your child’s dentist for advice. In the end, the braces will pay off when your little one has a beautiful smile with straight teeth.
Teeth grinding or bruxism occurs when you clench your jaws. It is usually done unconsciously during sleep, but it can also occur when you are awake.
Occasional teeth grinding does not usually cause harm to our oral health, but if left untreated it may quickly turn into a regular habit that may result in a few oral health complications.
What are the symptoms?
Because grinding often occurs during sleep, most people are unaware that they grind their teeth. However, there are some few major symptoms you can be on the lookout for and they include facial pain and morning headaches. You might also experience minor earaches and jaw pain that can lead to a temporomandibular disorder (TMD).
Another symptom includes tooth sensitivity, fractured teeth and fillings plus gum inflammation.
All these can lead to tooth loss and that’s why bruxism is a much complex subject than people realize. You should see your dentist as soon as you notice any of these signs. He or she will conduct an oral exam and guide you through any extensive dental treatment you might need.
What causes teeth grinding?
It is not always clear what causes bruxism but it has been linked to stress and anxiety in many patients. Bruxism can also develop from an abnormal bite. When teeth rest against each other abnormally, they tend to cause a crossbite or an overbite. This can cause a lot of discomfort in the mouth that may later lead to teeth grinding. If you snore or have a sleep disorder such as sleep apnea, you are also more likely to develop bruxism. Other factors that can make you more likely to grind your teeth include drinking alcohol and smoking.
What are the treatments?
There are several treatments available for teeth grinding. They include using a mouth guard, practising stress-reducing techniques and obtaining a prescription for muscle relaxants.
If a sleeping disorder is causing the grinding, treating it early is bound to eliminate the habit. Other tips that can help you include cutting back on foods that contain caffeine and avoiding alcohol. You should also resist chewing on pencils and pens and chewing gum.
Last but not least, you can simply train yourself not to clench your jaw by positioning the tip of your tongue between your teeth. Do this and you will see some drastic changes very soon.
Is your child in the habit of sucking his or her thumb? If so, there is normally nothing to be worried about. This behaviour will generally end between the ages of one and three.
However, this habit might become an issue if it is allowed to continue for an extended period of time.
Were you aware that prolonged thumb-sucking may lead to problems with the teeth and the overall development of the jaw? What are some potential concerns and when should parents (and dentists) actively intervene? Let us quickly examine what the industry experts have to say.
The Issue with Chronic Thumb Sucking
The main problem is that constant thumb-sucking can cause baby teeth to improperly enter once they break through the gum line. There can even be times when the teeth begin to grow “around the thumb” due to its constant presence.
This can result in crooked teeth at an early age, possibly requiring dental intervention as the child ages.
The other major concern is that thumb sucking can affect the bite of a child. This is known as a “malocclusion” and it is particularly worrisome if the habit continues once the permanent teeth have begun to enter.
The most common situation is a condition referred to as an “open bite”. This is characterised by teeth that do not properly align even when the jaw is completely closed. In other words, a small space is present between the upper and lower teeth.
Other problems which can arise as a result include discomfort, difficulty chewing or even speech problems. So, when should parents seek the help of a dentist?
When to Intervene
Most experts recommend that intervention should take place if your child has not stopped sucking his or her thumb by the age of five. By this point, the teeth may still be able to return to their normal position (although orthodontic options might also be considered).
A dentist will be able to determine what steps need to be taken as well as the severity of any issues with the teeth that may already be present.
Of course, thumb sucking represents a normal stage of childhood development. The main issue involves when this habit does not cease on its own. If you hope to avoid any future orthodontic problems with your child, it is a good idea to consult with a dentist to learn more.
Our teeth are extremely delicate structures ad unfortunately, unintentional damage can occur from time to time. Whether resulting from an accidental fall or playing contact sports, experiencing a broken tooth is not entirely uncommon.
Of course, treating this situation as soon as possible is critical if you hope to avoid further complications. This brings us to an important point. Is it better to repair a cracked tooth or should it be replaced? Let us answer this question by looking at three situations and what is the best course of action for each.
Minor Chips and Cracks
If a dentist determines that the damage is not too severe, a dental crown might be able to solve the problem. Crowns are intended to prevent further damage and to restore the initial appearance of the tooth. These are essentially non-invasive procedures and they can work wonders for smaller issues.
If the tooth has been severely cracked or if a large portion is missing, it could be better to opt for a complete extraction. This is normally required if a tooth happens to break below the gum line.
During such a situation, a crown cannot be attached and root canals will often prove ineffective. There can even be times when a fracture has occurred and it is not visible to the naked eye. This is why it is important to consult with a dentist. You will also be able to discuss the options for a tooth replacement.
Instances When a Root Canal is Needed
Assuming that a major crack has occurred or the top of the tooth is missing, it may be possible to perform a root canal. This procedure will remove the entire nerve; preventing the possibility of a subsequent infection.
Additional restoration work such as the installation of a crown can then take place. The good news is that modern root canals are essentially the equivalent of having a cavity filled, so there is no reason to fear such an option.
See Your Dentist Right Away
Breaking a tooth is certainly not a pleasant experience. Still, always remember that there are numerous options to consider. If you suspect that one of your teeth has been recently damaged, it is critical to schedule an appointment with a dentist as soon as possible. Taking a proactive approach is one of the best ways to be presented with the greatest number of options.
Invisalign offers both teens and adults a discreet alternative to traditional metal braces for orthodontic corrective treatment. The removable clear plastic aligners used in Invisalign can straighten your teeth while being almost undetectable to those you meet.
While these custom-made clear aligners may not be suitable for some complex issues, they can help correct most irregular bites and cracked, chipped or crowded teeth.
People who use Invisalign to straighten their teeth will tend to find it a more comfortable process than metal braces. The clear aligners used in Invisalign are plastic and are custom-made to fit the individual. They straighten the teeth using subtle pressure.
The aligners can also be removed at any time, whereas fixed metal braces can feel quite relentless from the off. The brackets and wires on braces can also catch and irritate the gums, leading to discomfort.
This is a main advantage of Invisalign, as this makes maintaining a regular oral health routine far easier compared to having metal braces. Food particles can get stuck between metal braces and teeth and can require interdental cleaners or water flossers to ensure a thorough clean — or plaque can start to build up.
With Invisalign, you can remove the aligners to brush and floss your teeth as normal. This makes it easier to clean and reduces the risk of bacteria and plaque building up. This is why many Invisalign users show improved gum health compared to using braces.
Also, having removable aligners means you are not denied your favourite foods. Metal braces make eating certain foods difficult, if not impossible
Invisalign generally needs wearing for 20 to 22 hours a day, which means you could also remove them for activities such as sports.
Orthodontic treatment to straighten teeth can help restore your smile and confidence in your smile tends to boost self-confidence overall. Anyone who has considered teeth straightening should consult with their dentist to see what orthodontic treatment suits their situation best — and it might just be Invisalign.